Mahan Singh Mausoleum


Mahan Singh’s mausoleum is an eight-sided structure that features a spacious lower level comprising chambers. On top of this, there is a two-story tower crowned by a distinctive dome with a bulbous and fluted shape. From the interior perspective, the tower and dome create a single lofty space that was originally adorned with murals painted over a white plaster surface. The external design of the tower and base showcases various architectural elements, including grid-patterned facades, scalloped arches, entrances with three bays, projecting eaves, and an overall symmetrical layout. These architectural features are influenced by or closely resemble Mughal architectural styles.

This samadhi (tomb) serves as a memorial for Mahan Singh (r. 1770-92), the father of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who established the Sikh Empire. Mahan Singh ruled over the Sukerchakia Misl, which was one of the 12 Misls in the Punjab province during his lifetime. Prior to Ranjit Singh’s leadership, each Misl operated as an independent entity within the Sikh Confederacy. Mahan Singh joined forces with Jassa Singh Ramgarhia, the leader of the Ramgarhia Misl, and together they defeated the Kanheya Misl in the Battle of Batala. They also captured the formidable Rohtas Fort from the armies of Ahmad Shah Durrani, the founder of the Durrani Empire. Sadly, Mahan Singh passed away due to illness during the siege of Sodhra, located approximately 32 kilometers north of Gujranwala, while combating the Bhangi Misl in April 1790.